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JAVA 通过RSA获取公钥私钥工具类

public class RSAUtil {
    //生成秘钥对
    public static KeyPair getKeyPair() throws Exception {
        KeyPairGenerator keyPairGenerator = KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("RSA");
        keyPairGenerator.initialize(1024);
        KeyPair keyPair = keyPairGenerator.generateKeyPair();
        return keyPair;
    }

    //获取公钥(Base64编码)
    public static String getPublicKey(KeyPair keyPair) {
        PublicKey publicKey = keyPair.getPublic();
        byte[] bytes = publicKey.getEncoded();
        return byte2Base64(bytes);
    }

    //获取私钥(Base64编码)
    public static String getPrivateKey(KeyPair keyPair) {
        PrivateKey privateKey = keyPair.getPrivate();
        byte[] bytes = privateKey.getEncoded();
        return byte2Base64(bytes);
    }

    //将Base64编码后的公钥转换成PublicKey对象
    public static PublicKey string2PublicKey(String pubStr) throws Exception {
        byte[] keyBytes = base642Byte(pubStr);
        X509EncodedKeySpec keySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
        PublicKey publicKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(keySpec);
        return publicKey;
    }

    //将Base64编码后的私钥转换成PrivateKey对象
    public static PrivateKey string2PrivateKey(String priStr) throws Exception {
        byte[] keyBytes = base642Byte(priStr);
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec keySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
        PrivateKey privateKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(keySpec);
        return privateKey;
    }

    //公钥加密
    public static byte[] publicEncrypt(byte[] content, PublicKey publicKey) throws Exception {
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("RSA");
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, publicKey);
        byte[] bytes = cipher.doFinal(content);
        return bytes;
    }

    //私钥解密
    public static byte[] privateDecrypt(byte[] content, PrivateKey privateKey) throws Exception {
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("RSA");
        cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, privateKey);
        byte[] bytes = cipher.doFinal(content);
        return bytes;
    }

    //字节数组转Base64编码
    public static String byte2Base64(byte[] bytes) {
        BASE64Encoder encoder = new BASE64Encoder();
        return encoder.encode(bytes);
    }

    //Base64编码转字节数组
    public static byte[] base642Byte(String base64Key) throws IOException {
        BASE64Decoder decoder = new BASE64Decoder();
        return decoder.decodeBuffer(base64Key);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {

    }

}

如此便可以通过java得到公钥和私钥以方便后面使用。

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